Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and resources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
Research comprises “creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.”
It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support existing theories or develop new theories.
A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field.
Research projects can be used to develop further knowledge on a topic, or in the example of a school research project, they can be used to further a student’s research prowess to prepare them for future jobs or reports